990 Wheel Loader

Rated Payload - Loose Material (Standard)
20 ton (US)
Rated Payload - Loose Material (High Lift)
22 ton (US)
Rated Payload - Standard (Quarry Face)
17.5 ton (US)
Rated Payload - High Lift (Quarry Face)
17.5 ton (US)

Specs

Operating Specifications

Rated Payload - Loose Material (Standard)
20ton (US)
Rated Payload - Loose Material (High Lift)
22ton (US)
Rated Payload - Standard (Quarry Face)
17.5ton (US)
Rated Payload - High Lift (Quarry Face)
17.5ton (US)
Bucket Capacity Range
8.6 m³ – 10.0 m³ (11.25 yd³ – 13.0 yd³)
Cat Truck Match - Standard
773-775
Cat Truck Match - High Lift
775-777
Operating Weight
178517lb
Rated Payload - Standard
17.5ton (US)
Rated Payload - High Lift
17.5ton (US)

Engine

Net Power
699HP
Engine Model
C27 Cat®
Bore
5.4in
Stroke
6in
Displacement
1649.5in³
Torque Rise
18%
Rated Speed
1,800/min
Net Power - SAE J1349
699HP
Rated Speed - Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient
648HP
Rated Speed - Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient
699HP
Rated Speed - Gross - ISO 14396
752HP
Gross - ISO 14396
752HP
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm
2624lb/ft
Rated Speed - Gross - SAE J1995
766HP
Emissions
U.S. EPA TIer 4 Final and EU Stage V emission standards or U.S. EPA Tier 2 and EU Stage II equivalent
Engine Power - ISO 14396
752HP
Gross Power - SAE J1995
766HP
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient
699HP
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient
648HP

Buckets

Bucket Capacities
8.6 m³ – 10.0 m³ (11.25 yd³ – 13.0 yd³)

Transmission

Transmission Type
Cat planetary power shift
Forward - 1
4.5mile/h
Forward - 2
8.3mile/h
Forward - 3
14.2mile/h
Reverse - 1
4.9mile/h
Reverse - 2
9.1mile/h
Reverse - 3
15.5mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 1
Lock-up disabled
Direct Drive - Forward 2
8.5mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 3
15.2mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 1
5.4mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 2
9.6mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 3
16.4mile/h
Note
Travel speeds based on Michelin 45/65R39 LD D2**L5 tires.

Axles

Front
Fixed
Rear
Trunnion
Oscillation Angle
8.5°

Hydraulic Cycle Times

Raise
8.2s
Dump
2.9s
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket
13.8s
Lower
3.7s
Lower Float Down
3.6s
Rack Back
4.3s

Service Refill Capacities

Fuel Tank
294.3gal (US)
Cooling System
54.9gal (US)
Transmission
29.1gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Rear
68.9gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Front
71.6gal (US)
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking
34.9gal (US)
Engine Crankcase
20gal (US)
Note
All nonroad U.S. EPA Tier 4 diesel engines are required to use only Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuels containing 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or less. Biodiesel blends up to B20 (20% blend by volume) are acceptable when blended with 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or l
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan
68.9gal (US)
Hydraulic System Factory Fill
210gal (US)

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Maximum Flow at 1,800 rpm (2)
22.2gal/min
Maximum Flow at 1,800 rpm (1)
240gal/min
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit
Positive flow control
Lift/Tilt System
Variable displacement piston
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke
235 mm × 1287 mm (9.3 in × 50.7 in)
Pilot System
Open loop and pressure reducing
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt
4786psi
Relief Valve Setting - Main
507psi
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke
292.1 mm × 820 mm (11.5 in × 32.3 in)

Sound Performance - Suppression

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008)
65.5dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)
113dB(A)

Hydraulic System - Steering

Steering System - Circuit
Pilot, load sensing
Steering
ISO 5010: 2007
Maximum Flow at 1,400 rpm
96.2gal/min
Total Steering Angle
70°
Steering System - Pump
Piston, variable displacement
Relief Valve Setting - Steering
5004psi

Sound Performance - Standard

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008)
65.5dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)
115dB(A)

Operator's Cab

ROPS/FOPS
ROPS/FOPS meet ISO 3471:2008 and ISO 3449:2005 Level II standards

Brakes

Brakes
ISO 3450: 2011

Air Conditioning System

Air Conditioning
The air conditioning system on this machine contains the fluorinated greenhouse gas refrigerant R134a (Global Warming Potential = 1430). The system contains 2.7 kg of refrigerant which has a CO2 equivalent of 3.861 metric tonnes (4.256 tons).

Features

PROVEN RELIABILITY

PERFORMANCE AND PRODUCTIVITY

POWERFUL EFFICIENCY

PRODUCTIVITY WITH TECHNOLOGY

SAVE ON SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE

SAFETY FIRST

OPERATOR COMFORT AND CONTROL

PURPOSE BUILT SPECIALTY MODELS - MILLYARD

PURPOSE BUILT SPECIALTY MODELS - STEEL MILL

LONG TERM VALUE AND DURABILITY

Standard Equipment

  • Note
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • Operator Environment
    • Air conditioner and heater with automatic temperature control
    • Cab, sound-suppressed pressurized, protective structure (ROPS/FOPS)
    • 12V power port for mobile phone or laptop connection
    • Cat Vision, rear vision camera system
    • Cigar lighter and ashtray
    • Coat hook
    • Electro-hydraulic tilt and lift controls (seat mounted)
    • Flip-up armrest
    • Heater and defroster
    • Horn, electric
    • Implement hydraulic lockout
    • Instrumentation, gauges:
      – Engine coolant temperature
      – Fuel level
      – Ground speed
      – Gear
      – Hydraulic oil temperature
      – Speedometer/tachometer
      – Torque converter temperature
    • Instrumentation, warning indicators:
      – Action alert system, three category
      – Automatic transmission model enable status
      – Brake malfunction
      – Bucket float status
      – Delayed engine shutdown status
      – Engine idle shutdown status
      – Engine malfunction
      – Fuel economy mode enable status
      – Hydraulic lockout
      – Lockup clutch enable status
      – Low fuel level
      – Parking brake status
      – Rimpull control enable status
      – Seatbelt warning
      – Secondary steering (if equipped)
      – Throttle lock status
      – Transmission gear
    • Keypad, control with indicator lights:
      – Auto trans mode speed range
      – Auto/manual transmission mode
      – Fuel economy mode
      – Implement kickout
      – Lockup clutch
      – Reduced rimpull
      – Throttle lock
    • Light, dome (cab)
    • Lunchbox and beverage holders
    • Mirrors, rearview (externally mounted)
    • Seat, leather/cloth, air suspension, heated/cooled
    • Seat belt, retractable, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • STIC control system with steering lock
    • Tinted glass
    • Trainer seat with lap belt
    • Vital Information Management System (VIMS) 3G with graphical information display: external data port, customizable operator profiles, cycle timer, and integral Cat Production Measurement
      – Wet-arm wipers/washers (front, rear and corner) intermittent front wiper
  • Power Train
    • Brakes, full hydraulic, enclosed, oil-disc
    • Axle-shaft oil-disc service brake
    • Electro hydraulic parking brake
    • Case drain screens
    • Cat clean emission module (Tier 4 only)
    • Demand fan
    • Engine Cat C27
    • Fuel priming pump (electric)
    • Ground level engine shutoff, bumper
    • Mufflers (under hood) (Tier 2 equivalent only)
    • Precleaner, engine air intake
    • Radiator, Aluminum Modular (AMR)
    • Separated cooling system
    • Starting aid, (ether) manual override
    • Throttle Lock
    • Torque Converter, Impeller Clutch with lock-up clutch feature and rimpull control system
    • Transmission, 534 mm (21 in) planetary power shift (electronic) (3F/3R)
  • Electrical
    • Alarm, back-up
    • Alternator, 150 amp
    • Batteries, maintenance free (2 – 1,400 CCA)
    • Converter, 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V
    • Deutsch component connectors
    • Electrical system, 24V
    • Electronic transmission control
    • Lighting system, halogen (front and rear) lighting, access stairway, engine compartment
    • Starter, electric
    • Starter lockout in bumper
    • Starting receptacle for emergency start
    • Transmission lockout in bumper
  • Other
    • Automatic bucket tilt/lift kickouts electronically adjustable from cab
    • Axle temperature sensor
    • Battery disconnect and jump start receptacle, bumper
    • Coupling, Caterpillar O-ring face seals
    • Economy mode with on demand throttle
    • Emergency platform egress
    • Engine, crankcase, 500 hour interval with CH4
    • Engine idle management features:
      – Auto idle kickdown
      – Delayed engine shutdown
      – Engine idle shutdown
    • Fenders, steel (front)
    • Guards, crankcase and power train
    • Grouped/labeled lube points
    • Hitch, drawbar with pin
    • Hoses, Cat XT
    • Oil sampling valves
    • Positive flow control hydraulic system
    • Product Link
    • Sight Gauges: hydraulic tanks, steering/fan and implement/brake, and transmission
    • Stairway, left and right rear access
    • Steering, load sensing
    • Toe kicks
    • Vandalism protection caplocks
    • Venturi stack
    • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)

Optional Equipment

  • Note
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • Power Train
    • –50° C (–58° F) antifreeze
    • Engine oil change system, high speed, Wiggins
    • Engine block heater 120V or 240V
    • High ambient cooling – software
  • Operator Environment
    • Cab precleaner, powered
    • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
    • Satellite Sirius radio with Bluetooth
    • LED warning strobe
    • CB radio ready
    • Window sun shade
  • Miscellaneous Attachments
    • Front and rear roading fenders
    • Fast fill fuel system (Shaw-Aero)
    • Axle oscillation stop
    • Heavy duty cab mounts